Image of Bishakha Datta


Bishakha Datta

It’s been a year of deep work and satisfaction at APC, a year when so many deeply-rooted initiatives blossomed and flowered, creating impact at national, regional and global levels.

In the area of Access, APC’s work on community-owned networks showed the power of “do-it-yourself” approaches to end digital exclusion. The research that APC and partners conducted – including a first-of-its-kind mapping study of community networks in 43 countries – demonstrated the challenges that community networks face at various stages of design and implementation. Much effort was put into creating a gender perspective on access, building and strengthening alliances, advocating for policy change, and embedding community networks in internet governance and policy discussions. All these are critical for people-led community networks to flourish and grow.

Where Rights were concerned, many years of advocacy bore fruit in the form of global policies. In 2018, the Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted the first-ever UN resolution on violence against women and girls in digital contexts. The resolution, which builds upon years of policy advocacy by APC and its network, recognises online gender-based violence as a violation of human rights. Both the updated HRC resolution on human rights on the internet and the UN resolution on the right to privacy in the digital age also include language and priorities from APC and its partners.

The Feminist Internet continued to gather steam (and blow roses) all over the world. In Latin America and the Caribbean, there was increased gender and tech activism, while activists in Central Asia and Central Eastern Europe joined efforts to make a feminist internet. Also, the Feminist Internet Research Network (FIRN) was launched (in collaboration with IDRC) to bridge the gap between feminist and tech research.

Governance remained a key impact area, with APC making important contributions at the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) for more effective and inclusive governance and helping to shape international cybersecurity standards. The 6th African School on Internet Governance (AfriSIG) built up participants’ negotiation skills, while APC members and staff helped to organise and participate in internet governance processes in Africa, Asia and Latin America. More civil society actors from the global South participated in and influenced internet governance and ICT policy with APC’s support. And UNESCO member states endorsed the Internet Universality Indicators developed by APC (for a consortium).

Disability was a relatively new area of exploration in Use and Development last year. While Disco-tech foregrounded disability and accessibility to the internet, feminist digital security trainers explored collective safety strategies and challenged one-size-fits-all approaches. APC and members worked with others on building sustainable internet infrastructures; more members explored the use of free and libre open source software (FLOSS) and other sustainable, collaborative and privacy-enabling technologies.

Which brings us, last but never least, to the APC Community. Members met regionally to shape a common agenda, with face-to-face member meetings organised in five regions. There was an unprecedented level of engagement and collaboration in the network, which is now larger and more diverse than ever, with 58 organisational members and 35 individual members from 72 countries. More than 140 stakeholders (including staff, members, partners, beneficiaries, political allies, influencers and donors) participated in the evaluation of APC’s theory of change and strategic plan, leading into the process for developing the strategic plan for the 2020-2023 cycle.

Before closing, let’s celebrate and toast APC member Pangea, who turned 25 in 2018, and APC’s Operations Director Karen Banks, who received the Oxford Internet Institute (OII) Lifetime Achievement Award in 2018.

And let’s gear up – with full gratitude for all we have done together – for another year of changing digital lives, technologies and realities.

Image of Chat Garcia Ramilo


Chat Garcia Ramilo

APC’s 2018 annual report design concept, created by our resident multimedia designer Cathy Chen, perfectly conveys the idea of the continuous process of rethinking, responding, reflecting and reacting that happens in APC.

There's a lot of practice of thinking in what we do. We often rethink what we thought, respond to and reflect on new situations, and react to issues with different strategies. For this annual report, you can drag and drop the boxes to change the shape of the puzzle and create your own experience and meaning as you traverse the APC world in 2018.

I love the idea of mix and match and trying to solve the puzzle that is APC. Because it is true – all of the things we do have connections with each other but they are not all connected in the same way and at the same time. We are constantly trying to find ways to connect the pieces of what we do. Sometimes they seem to be separate pieces, at times they are arranged in different ways, other times they work perfectly together. The beauty, though, is that the pieces are never still, they are constantly in motion – evolving, adapting and creating change.

In this report, you will find stories about how APC collectively strives for change – through community networks in a rural village in Cauca, Colombia and Mankosi in South Africa, digital rights campaigns in Lebanon, Macedonia and Kenya, rights-based policy advocacy in Bangladesh, Cameroon, Chile and Mexico, film production in Myanmar, a regional feminist internet meeting in Belgrade and feminist learning communities in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala.

In the last two comprehensive evaluations of the impact of APC’s work, conducted this year and in 2015, the experience, expertise and credibility of the people who make up the APC network and the organisational culture of feminist values, commitment to human rights, belief in collaboration and respect and care that APC brings to its relationships in the APC community were singled out as our greatest strengths.

There are 67 stories in these pages. They are from our members, staff and partners – the people who co-create the parts that make up the APC puzzle. I invite you to meet the APC community through the stories they tell.


All people have easy and affordable access to a free and open internet to improve their lives and create a more just world.


APC’s mission is to empower and support organisations, social movements and individuals in and through the use of ICTs to build strategic communities and initiatives for the purpose of making meaningful contributions to equitable human development, social justice, participatory political processes and environmental sustainability.


We believe that our mission is achieved through five interlinked strategies: research, advocacy, building networks and capacity, communications and outreach. To be instrumental to the APC community, research-based evidence must be communicated effectively in order to support advocacy, which then achieves change as its ultimate goal.



members’ initiatives were supported through APC’s sub-granting programmes.


stakeholders including staff, members, partners, beneficiaries, political allies and donors participated in the evaluation of APC’s Theory of Change and Strategic Plan for 2016-2019.


civil society, human rights and women’s rights activists gained more understanding on online gender-based violence issues through APC’s support for research, capacity building and advocacy.


submissions and oral statements delivered at the UN Human Rights Council on secure communications, gender-based violence, freedom of expression, and internet freedoms in Palestine and Malaysia.


representatives from 50 member organisations, 8 individual members and 20 APC staff members participated in 5 regional member meetings in 2018.


participants from the Caucasus, Asia and Eastern Europe attended the Making a Feminist Internet gathering organised in Serbia in October 2018, which focused on online gender-based violence.


women human rights defenders, lawyers, sexual rights and LGBTIQ activists learned to protect themselves online as a result of the FTX Safety Reboot curriculum and trainings.


Take Back the Tech! campaigners, feminist digital security trainers and other anti-GBV activists from 17 countries met at the Take Back the Tech! global meeting and Feminist Tech Exchange held in Nepal in August 2018.


civil society actors and activists participated with support from APC at national, regional and global Internet Governance Forums, leading to increased participation of diverse voices at internet governance events.


country submissions to the UN Universal Periodic Review processes for Bangladesh, Cameroon, Chile and Mexico in collaboration with our members and partners, which increased attention to internet rights.


civil society organisations and actors from the global South were supported by APC through capacity building to meaningfully and effectively engage with internet governance processes.


reports of UN Special Rapporteurs received APC contributions on privacy, freedom of opinion and expression, elimination of all forms of violence against women, business and human rights, and contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.


UN resolutions received APC’s contributions and reflected many of our advocacy priorities.


organisational members and 35 individual members from 72 countries composed the APC network in 2018.


research reports on community networks for local access.


collaboration opportunities facilitated by APC through the local access project and its partnerships.

Our impact

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Member grants

2018 was the third year of APC’s subgranting programme, implemented with support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida). These subgrants are aimed at enabling our member organisations to contribute towards achieving APC’s vision. Two types of grants were offered: project grants and research and campaign grants.

The project grants are intended to contribute to the implementation of APC’s strategic plan at the national level, as well as to strengthen ongoing work of APC members that is linked to APC’s strategic priorities.

The campaign and research grants are for local activities that contribute to members’ advocacy work, and are also meant to enable members to participate in APC-wide campaigns.

During the third year of the subgranting programme, our members have done incredible work. Check out the project grants implemented in 2018 here, and the campaign and research grants here.

APC's subgranting programme with support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
APC's subgranting programme with support from diverse funding sources


In December 2018, APC had 58 organisational members and 35 individual members active in 72 countries, with the majority based in the global South. APC added two new organisational members and eight individual members in 2018. Over the same period, APC lost three of its older organisational members and one individual member.

  • Organizational members Organizational members
  • Individual members Individual members

APC member organisations

In December 2018, APC had 58 organisational members active in 57 countries.

APC individual members

In 2018, APC had 35 individual members in 27 countries.

  • Argentina

    • Damian Loreti
  • Australia

    • Sylvia Cadena
    • Andrew Garton
    • Lisa Gye
    • Ian W. Peter
  • Bangladesh

    • Bazlur Rahman
  • Brazil

    • Renata Aquino Ribeiro
    • Vera Vieira
  • Canada

    • Stephane Couture
  • Colombia

    • Mario Morales Rincón
  • Congo, Republic of

    • Patience Luyeye
  • Czech Republic

    • Honza Malík
  • Ethiopia

    • Melaku Girma
  • Gambia

    • Poncelet Ileleji
  • Germany

    • Jeanette Hofmann
  • Guinea

    • Serge Ziehi
  • India

    • Japleen Pasricha
  • Italy

    • Leonardo Maccari
  • Jordan

    • Inam Ali
  • Malaysia

    • Gayathry Venkiteswaran
  • Netherlands

    • Rolf Kleef
  • New Zealand

    • Joy Liddicoat
  • Peru

    • Eiko Kawamura
  • Senegal

    • Makane Faye
  • Switzerland

    • William Drake
  • South Africa

    • Towela Nyirenda-Jere
    • Alex Comninos
  • Tunisia

    • Rafik Dammak
  • Uganda

    • Helen Nyinakiiza
  • United States

    • Mitra Ardron
    • Avri Doria
    • Mark Graham
    • Mallory Knodel
  • Uruguay

    • Pablo Accuosto
  • Zimbabwe

    • Natasha Msonza


Board of directors

  • Bishakha Datta, Point of View, India (chair)
  • Leandro Navarro, Pangea, Spain (vice-chair)
  • Liz Probert, GreenNet, United Kingdom (secretary)
  • Sylvie Siyam, PROTEGE QV, Cameroon (treasurer)
  • Julián Casabuenas G., Colnodo, Colombia
  • Michel Lambert, Alternatives, Canada
  • Osama Manzar, Digital Empowerment Foundation, India
  • Chat Garcia Ramilo, APC, Philippines (executive director)

Council representatives in December 2018

Staff team in 2018

  • Executive director: Chat Garcia Ramilo, Philippines
  • IMPACT project assistant: Pavitra Ramanujam, India
  • Finance manager: Maya Sooka, South Africa
  • Senior finance coordinator: Fatima Bhyat, South Africa
  • Finance associate: Christine Nyambo, Zimbabwe
  • Operations director: Karen Banks, Australia/United Kingdom
  • Network and membership building coordinator: Karel Novotný, Czech Republic/Portugal
  • Logistics coordinator: Shawna Finnegan, Canada
  • Administrative officer: Eunice Mwesigwa, South Africa
  • Technical systems developer: Adolfo Dunayevich Garber, Mexico
  • Subgranting coordinator (until June), IT services and support coordinator (from July): Roxana Bassi, Argentina
  • Web developer: Maja Kraljic, Slovenia (from September)
  • Senior HR associate: Misty McWilliam, United States (Consultant on retainer)
  • Communications manager: Flavia Fascendini, Argentina
  • Communications officer: Leila Nachawati Rego, Spain
  • Language coordinator: Lori Nordstrom, Uruguay
  • Publications and multimedia coordinator: Cathy Chen, Canada
  • Digital content curator: Maja Romano, Canada (from May)
  • Intern: Gabrielle Willms, South Africa (from September)
  • French editor: Olga Tsafack, United States (Consultant on retainer)
  • Global policy advocacy lead: Deborah Brown, United States
  • Advisor: Avri Doria, United States (Volunteer)
  • Intern: Sidra Rizvi, United States (June to August 2018)
  • Intern: Sebastián Becker Castellaro, Chile (July to November)
  • Intern: Mehar Gujral, South Africa (from September)
  • Director policy and strategy: Anriette Esterhuysen, South Africa (until May)
  • Senior adviser on policy advocacy, internet governance and strategic planning: Anriette Esterhuysen, South Africa (from May - Consultant on retainer)
  • CIPP manager: Valeria Betancourt, Ecuador
  • Asia policy regional coordinator: Gayatri Khandhadai, India
  • APC Labs-Community Networks coordinator: Mike Jensen, Brazil/Portugal
  • Community access networks project coordinator: Carlos Rey-Moreno, South Africa
  • AfDec project coordinator: Masimba Bishiwara (from December)
  • Community access networks project administration and research assistant: Kathleen Diga, South Africa
  • Intern: Marilyn Bastedo, South Africa (from September)
  • WRP manager: Jac sm Kee, Malaysia
  • WRP global women’s rights policy lead: Janine Moolman, South Africa
  • WRP capacity building lead: Jennifer Radloff, South Africa
  • WRP knowledge building lead: Katerina Fialova, Czech Republic
  • LAC capacity building and networking coordinator: Erika Smith, Mexico
  • coordinator: Namita Aavriti, India
  • Spanish language coordinator: Dafne Plou, Argentina
  • TBTT campaign coordinator: Sara Baker, United States (until October)
  • Sexual rights project and network coordinator: hvale vale, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Feminist research lead: Tigist Hussen, South Africa (from September)
  • GBV coordinator: Sheena Magenya, Kenya (from August)


Financial supporters

  • Access Now
    • Contribution towards African School on Internet Governance (AfriSIG)
  • AmplifyChange (agreement administered by Mannion Daniels Ltd.)
    • Building EROTICS Networks in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka
    • Expanding EROTICS Networks in South Asia
  • Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, through the Directorate of Development Cooperation (DGIS) FLOW II Fund via Creating Resources for Empowerment in Action (CREA)
    • All Women Count: Take Back the Tech!
  • Ford Foundation
    • Support to research a feminist perspective on internet policy issues and build cross-movement collaboration with women’s rights groups in the global South
    • Core support for internet rights and gender justice and institutional strengthening
    • Regional advocacy on telecommunications policy in the Americas
  • Global Fund for Women
    • Pass-through grant for Whose Knowledge?
  • International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
    • Community Access Networks: How to connect the next billion to the internet
    • Making a Feminist Internet
    • Mapping Gender and the Information Society
  • Mama Cash
    • Making a Feminist internet/Take Back The Tech! Camp, Nepal
  • Oak Foundation
    • Unrestricted support to the Women's Rights Programme
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
    • Core support for the APC Strategic Action Plan 2016-2019
  • United States Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL)
    • Securing human rights online in Africa through a strong and active “African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms” network
  • Anonymous
    • General support for the APC Women's Rights Programme 2017-2108
  • Womanity Foundation
    • Adapt Take Back The Tech! in Mexico: Challenge norms, build awareness, amplify collective power, strengthen response
  • Afilias
    ARTICLE 19
    Deutsche Welle Akademie
    Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
    Public Interest Registry
    • Contribution towards African School on Internet Governance (AfriSIG)
  • African Union Commission
    New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) Planning and Coordinating Agency
    • Contribution towards African School on Internet Governance (AfriSIG) through direct sponsorship of specific costs
  • Facebook
    • Travel support for the Internet Governance Forum
  • Fundación Karisma
    • Support for participation in the sub-regional workshop “For a better internet regulation”
  • Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
    • African Regional Governance Forum
  • Google
    • Event exhibit, African Regional Internet Governance Forum
  • Internet Society (ISOC)
    • Contribution towards African School on Internet Governance (AfriSIG)
    • Internet Society Collaborative Internet Governance Project workshop: "How to Effectively Participate in and Manage Multistakeholder Discussions" at AfriSIG
    • Initial steps for adapting GEM to community networks
    • Spectrum and Local Access Networks Report
  • Public Knowledge
    • Support for participation in the Telecommunications and Digital Rights Workshop, Argentina
  • African Gender Institute
    • Workshop facilitation, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Alternatives
    • Distance training for interns
  • Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development
    • Digital security training in Penang, Malaysia
  • Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technology (FIT)
    • Contributions to the study “Connecting the Unconnected: Tackling the challenge of cost-effective broadband internet in rural areas”
  • Internet Policy Observatory
    • Decriminalisation of expression online in Cambodia and Thailand
  • Mozilla Corporation
    • Putting cybersecurity on the rights track: An exploratory project
  • Open Society Institute
    • Grantee-partners' digital security assessment
  • Prospera International Network of Women's Funds
    • Support to Prospera members in strengthening their digital security protocols/systems
  • Public Interest Registry
    • Guidance and content for
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
    • Defining Internet Universality Indicators

APC financial statements for 2018

Balance sheet at 31 December 2018

2018 (USD) 2017 (USD)
ASSETS 3,019,077 1,120,644
Non-current assets 897 2
Equipment 897 2
Current assets 3,018,180 1,120,642
Accounts receivable 42,852 58,440
Accrued income – grants 246,454 131,987
Cash and cash equivalents 2,728,874 930,215
TOTAL ASSETS 3,019,077 1,120,644
RESERVES AND LIABILITIES 3,019,076 1,120,644
Reserves and sustainability funds 464,953 385,236
Sustainability funds 426,244 348,782
Retained income 38,709 36,454
Current liabilities 2,554,123 735,408
Accounts payable 54,833 112,824
Deferred income from grants 2,466,595 563,523
Provision for leave pay 32,695 59,061

Income statement for the year ended 31 December 2018

2018 (USD) 2017 (USD)
INCOME 3,360,866 3,096,457
Grants 2,960,606 2,843,531
Earned Income 400,260 252,926
Commissioned services, contributions and event income 371,089 210,884
Interest 106 324
Membership fees 25,331 24,845
Sales and sundry 3,734 16,874
EXPENDITURE 3,281,148 3,188,650
Governance, Programme Development, Monitoring and Evaluation and Administration 641,806 668,467
Communications, technical and network development units 929,620 644,028
Communications and Information Policy Programme 762,343 897,762
Global Advocacy and Policy Strategy 228,630 206,598
Women’s Rights Programme 718,749 771,796

Income statement for the year ended 31 December 2018

Note: Detailed information is available in the audited financial statements for 2018.

About the header of this publication:

You can move the tiles around and create and assemble your own shapes. We want everyone to create their own meanings, solve the puzzle in their own way, while at the same time we see how everyone is part of this APC network. There are no rights or wrongs. The reward for this particular concept is simply to create, explore, destroy, reassemble.